Ativan is a tablet that is an antianxiety agent, it belongs to lorazepam class, having the chemical formula 7-chloro-5-(o-chlorophenyl)-1,3-dihydro-3-hydroxy-2H-1,4-benzodiazepine-2-one.
It is an almost insoluble white powder muddy texture. Each tablet of Ativan (lorazepam) has to be taken orally, normally it contains 0.5 mg, 1 mg, or 2 mg of lorazepam. The inactive ingredients present in the tablet are monohydrate lactose, stearate magnesium, cellulose microcrystalline and potassium polacriline.
Ativan (lorazepam) is highly recommended for anxiety disorder treatment or for the short-term relief of the anxiety or anxiety symptoms associated with depressive symptoms. Anxiety or anxiety associated with the pressures of daily life does not usually require an anxiolytic procedure. Systematic clinical studies have not measured the efficacy of Ativan (lorazepam) in long-term use, that is, for more than 4 months. The physician should periodically reassess the individual patient’s usefulness of the drug and it is needed to consult your doctor once in a month.
Uses of Ativan
This drug is normally used for treating anxiety. Lorazepam belongs to a class of drugs known as benzodiazepines that act on the brain and nerves to produce a calming and soothing effect t your brain. This drug works by increasing the body’s effects of a certain natural chemicals which is called GABA.
Dosage of Ativan
It is necessary to know the dosage of Ativan tablet before taking it.
- For anxiety, the majority of patients require an initial 2 to 3 mg / day dose given twice a day or three times a day depending upon the condition of the patient.
- A single daily dose of 2 to 4 mg Ativan has be given in the case of insomnia due to anxiety or transient situational stress, usually it has to be taken at bedtime.
- An initial dosage of 1 to 2 mg / day in divided doses is recommended for elderly or debilitated patients, to be adjusted as needed and tolerated.
When needed, the dosage of Ativan (lorazepam) should be gradually increased to help prevent adverse effects. The evening dose should be increased before the daytime doses, if higher dosage is indicated.
What If I Overdose Ativan?
Overdose of Ativan is not good for health as it has severe side effects but in case if it happen then get emergency assistance immediately if any of the following overdose symptoms occur while taking Ativan tablet.
Overdose symptoms of Ativan includes;
Changes in speech patterns and rhythms, Increased sweating , Power loss or energy nightmare, Shakiness and unstable walking, Slurred speech, Trouble speaking, Instability, Tremor, Problems with muscle control or coordination, Unusual drowsiness, Dullness, Exhaustion, Weakness, Sluggishness, Unusual enthusiasm, Nervousness, Restlessness, irritability, unusual paleness, unusual feeling of weakness.
Many side effects of lorazepam can occur that normally need no medical attention. Those side effects may go away as your body adjusts to the medicine during treatment. You may also be able to tell your health care professional about ways to prevent or reduce some of those side effects. But if it doesn’t cure then immediately consult with your occupational health care professional or doctor and discuss the matter with them so that they can give you proper medication. However, try to take required dosage and try to avoid over dosage of Ativan as sometimes the condition get worse and patient has to suffer through it.
Tips for taking Ativan tablet
Tips for taking Ativan tablet is given below;
- It can be taken with food or without. May be administered as a split dose, with the largest dose when used to relieve anxiety just before bedtime.
- Consider it exactly as the doctor ordered about the dosage of tablet. Do not increase the dose or decrease without his or her guidance. If you have been taking Ativan for a long time do not stop suddenly as there may be withdrawal reactions (blurred vision, nausea, vomiting, occasional seizures). The doctor will instruct you on how to reduce the dosage. Keep potential drug-seekers out of sight.
- Ativan can cause sleepiness and can affect your ability to carry out other complex tasks. If Ativan has that effect on you, avoid doing those activities.
- Avoid drinking alcohol while taking Ativan, as the side effects of sedation and respiratory depression may increase and you can have some problem.
- Ativan can make you feel dizzy and can increase your risk of falling. Be careful to sit or stand up after being lying down.
- If you think you have become addicted to or dependent on Ativan, talk to your doctor.
- Do not take any other Ativan medicines including those purchased over the counter without first checking that they are compatible with your pharmacist or doctor.
Response and Efficacy of Ativan
Depending on the Ativan dosage used, the time to peak effects will be different for every patient. Optimum effects are observed within two hours of intramuscular (IM) administration when used preoperatively (including lack of recall or recognition) and 15-20 minutes after intravenous (IV) administration; Peak concentrations occur within two hours of being given orally.
Intended effects usually last six to eight hours, but in some people, they may last longer it basically depends on the metabolism of the patient that’s why it varies patient to patient as everyone is different from each other.